FLYING EAGLE WOMAN
JULY 31,1957-MARCH 4,1999
“Since the time that human beings offered thanks for the first sunrise,
sovereignty has been an integral part of indigenous peoples’ daily
With the original instructions from the Creator, we realize our
responsibilities. Those are the laws that lay the foundation of our
society. These responsibilities manifest through our ceremonies...
Sovereignty is that wafting thread securing the components of a society.
Sovereignty runs through the vertical strands and secures the entire
pattern. That is the fabric of Native Society”
Ingrid Washinawatok El-Issa, 1999
O’Peqyaw-Metamoh passed into the spirit world on March 4, 1999. She was
a loving mother, wife, daughter,sister, aunt, friend, and proud member
of the Menominee Nation. Ingrid was an internationally known
humanitarian who worked for Indigenous peoples’ rights, Indigenous
women’s issues, sovereignty, human rights throughout the world.
Throughout her lifetime, Ingrid was an activist when it came to
promoting Indigenous cultures and traditions. She was Executive
Director of the Fund for the Four Directions in New York City, a
private fund, where she planned, organized and directed grant-making
policies and initiated a new effort to promote and revitalize Indigenous
languages and cultures.
Ingrid was an award winning lecturer who spoke out for the rights of
Indigenous peoples regionally and internationally. Among her many
publications, her most recent include “Sovereignty is More than Just
Power” ( January 1999) in Indigenous Woman Magazine and “ In from the
Margins: Native People’s International Work Results in the UN Decade of
Indigenous People” ( summer of 1998) in Native Americas Magazine.
Ingrid is survived by her husband of over 17 years, Ali El-Issa, and her
son, Maeh-kiw-kesec, her mother, sister, and many aunts, uncles, and
nephews. Ingrid carried on the legacy of compassion, kindness and
activism of her late father, the Honorable James Washinawatok of the
Menominee Nation Supreme Court.
Ingrid touched the lives of countless people who remember her positive
energy, charismatic personality and radiant enthusiasm for making the
world a better place. We will miss her energetic presence, her
laughter,and her leadership. Ingrid will be remembered as a remarkable
woman who served her people and others selflessly.
AWARDS AND HONORS RECEIVED BY INGRID
RECOGNIZED AS THE 1998 INDIAN OF THE YEAR BY THE THUNDERBIRD AMERICAN
SELECTED AS A FELLOW IN THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION’S NEXT GENERATION
RECEIVED THE 1995 FREDRICK DOUGLAS AWARD FROM THE NORTH STAR FUND, FOR
HER OUTSTANDING CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE STRUGGLE FOR POLITICAL, SOCIAL AND
ECONOMIC JUSTICE FOR ALL PEOPLE IN THE SPIRIT OF FREDRICK DOUGLAS.
WAS AN ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE INDIGENOUS INITIATIVE FOR PEACE, CONVENED BY
NOBEL LAUREATE RIGOBERTA MENCHU TUM
PARTICIPATED IN AND ORGANIZED SESSIONS FOR THE FIRST THROUGH THE FOURTH
STATE OF THE WORLD FORUM CONFERENCES IN SAN FRANCISCO
SERVED AS AN OFFICIAL TRANSLATOR FOR AN INTERNATIONAL NGO AT THE SECOND
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND LAND
SERVED AS A DELEGATE TO THE 2ND THROUGH THE 8TH AND THE 37TH SESSIONS OF
THE COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE 12TH AND 15TH SESSION OF THE
WORKING GROUP ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
SERVED IN 1994 AS CHAIRPERSON OF THE NGO COMMITTEE OF THE INTERNATIONAL
DECADE OF THE WORLD’S INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
BOARD MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN COMMUNITY HOUSE
FOUNDING MEMBER OF THE NATIVE AMERICAN COUNCIL, NEW YORK CITY
CO-CHAIR OF THE INDIGENOUS WOMEN’S NETWORK, WHERE SHE VOICED CONCERNS
FOR NATIVE WOMEN THROUGH ACTIVISM, LITERATURE AND COMMUNITY WORK
CHAIR OF THE BOARD FOR NATIVE AMERICANS IN PHILANTHROPY
RECEIVED THE FANNY LOU HAMER AWARD,1992, FOR WORK ON BEHALF OF
RECEIVED KEYS FROM THE CITY OF SCRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA,1993
CO-PRODUCED THE FILM DOCUMENTARY “WARRIOR”
RECEIVED THE ASIAN-AMERICANS FOR EQUALITY AWARD 1987-FOR BUILDING RACIAL
HARMONY AND ECONOMIC COOPERATION
RECEIVED THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S LEADERSHIP AWARD OF THE INTERNATIONAL
CROSS CULTURAL BLACK WOMEN’S INSTITUTE.
THE FLYING EAGLE WOMAN FUND HAS BEEN CREATED BY THE FAMILY AND FRIENDS OF INGRID TO COMMEMORATE HER WORK AND VALUES, IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THE FUND FOR THE FOUR DIRECTIONS.
CONTRIBUTIONS MAY BE SENT TO:
THE FUND FOR THE FOUR DIRECTIONS AT
8 WEST 40TH STREET
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10018
Phone: (212) 768-1430 EXT.17
PLEASE MAKE CHECKS PAYABLE TO: THE FLYING EAGLE WOMAN FUND
THE FLYING EAGLE WOMAN FUND IS A NOT-FOR -PROFIT ORGANIZATION.
DONATIONS ARE TAX DEDUCTIBLE TO THE FULL EXTENT OF THE LAW.
The Indigenous Women's Network
March 8, l999
RE: Killings of Indigenous Activists
We the members of the Indigenous Women's Network address our comments to
the world. On February 25, we received word that our sister Ingrid
Washinawatok, the Co-Chair of The Indigenous Women's Network and
Lahe'ena'e Gay and Terence Freitas, two other members of a humanitarian delegation to the U'wa people of Colombia were kidnapped. It was during the end of their visit that our sisters and brother were kidnapped by hooded men in civilian clothing from the car they were traveling in. The three were part of a delegation that had been invited by the U'wa People to join in prayer and solidarity. The purpose of the trip was to assist the U'wa People in establishing a cultural education system for their children and support their continuation of their traditional way of life.
The morning of March 5, the U.S. Embassy contacted the families of
Ingrid, Lahe'ena'e and Terence informing them their bodies had been found in Venezuela about 30 yards from the border of Colombia. They had been
bound, blindfolded, beaten, tortured and shot numerous times. It was through Ingrid's credit cards, which were still in her possession that they were able to trace their identity so rapidly.
The Indigenous Women's Network, joining with the Menominee Nation, and
other Indigenous Nations, is calling for a full prosecution of those
responsible, and an investigation into the actions of the US State
Department in reference to this incident. We believe that the US State
Department destabilized negotiations and ultimately cost our sisters and
brother their lives, in a possible attempt to gain financial support for
US policies in Colombia. We attribute this assertion to the fact that exactly during the negotiations for the release of the three humanitarian workers, the US State Department released approximately $230 million in military support for the allegedly Anti-Drug War in Colombia. The Colombian government then attacked and killed over 70 members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia or FARC in an orchestrated attack. We believe that these two overt acts may have destabilized any hopes for the release of our sisters and brother.
The U'wa People live in the Arauca province in Northeastern Colombia.
The U.S. oil multi national corporations, Occidental Petroleum and Shell
Oil had been carrying out oil exploration in the area know as the Samore
block, the ancestral homelands of the U'wa People. It is estimated that
these oil fields hold less than l.5 billion barrels of oil, equating to
less than a three month supply for the US. The U'wa people had
threatened to commit mass suicide if these oil companies were successful in their exploitive endeavors.
US and Colombian government Officials were prompt to lie blame on the
left wing guerrilla forces of FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia). This situation is not one that blame can be established through words of Government officials without conducting an investigation. It is a much more complex crime.
The reality is that the Indigenous community and the US State Department
had both been involved in negotiations for the release of these three
humanitarian workers. Apesanahkwat, Chairman of the Menominee Nation
wasactive in attempting to negotiate the release of the hostages as soon as he heard of their capture. "I sent a direct communiquÈ to the leadership of FARC two days after she was captured. ..The FARC leadership had sent a response by e-mail the morning of the hostages' death," Apesanahkwat said. " They sent greetings to us as a relative indigenous group, and said they were optimistic about seeking her release," he said. Yet, as Apesanahkwat noted, the US government sent money for arms to the Colombian government four or five days after the kidnappings, knowing that those arms might be used against the rebels who may have held the kidnap victims, and that the kidnap victims might well be executed in retaliation. Seventy FARC rebels were killed in a government-led attack just before the kidnap victims were executed.
We, the Indigenous Women's Network join with the Menominee Nation in
calling for a congressional committee inquiry into the State Department
actions in Colombia, with regards to this incident. We also request, on
behalf of our sister Ingrid, that her death not be used to forward
political ends of the US State Department, but that instead, it be
recognized as a crime, a continuation of the Indian wars.
It is a crime against humanity. Against the mothers who's daughters and son's moccasins walk no longer walk on our Mother Earth. It is a crime against the sane, the Indigenous Peoples and all peaceful citizens of the world. This crime was committed by the insane, the greedy, the corrupt and those that will ignore the exploitive trade agreements which allow and accept these practices as business as usual ,all in the name of protecting "National Interests", and subsequently the interests of multinational corporations. We believe that responsibility for these deaths rests with all of these parties.
Ingrid and her companions gave the ultimate sacrifice - their lives - in
the struggle for the attainment of human rights for Indigenous Peoples.
State Department support will increase the militarization of a country
already fraught with one of the highest rates of violence in the western
hemisphere , and a state continuing violence against Indigenous peoples.
It is against violence, and for the life of the people and the land, that
Ingrid, and the others stood. Ingrid as well as her companions viewed the situation of the U'wa as a part of the global struggle for Indigenous self determination as well as the preservation of the natural environment. The deaths of our three companeros must be understood as having a direct relationship to the many thousands of deaths of those who seek human justice not only in Colombia but throughout Latin America and other parts of the world.
We who work for social justice must ensure that further repercussions
do not fall on the U'wa community simply because they sought and
received international solidarity and support from groups like Project
Underground, the Indigenous Women's Network and the Pacific Cultural
Conservancy International. The Indigenous Women's Network and others
will do our utmost to see that justice is done and that we will continue
Ingrid's fight in her support of the U'wa Peoples and all those who work
for social justice.
The history of violent repression in Latin America against Indigenous
Peoples would lead us to believe that right wing governments, and their
death squads supporting the interests of resource companies and those
wanting to interrupt the peace process are more likely to have been
involved in the deaths of our three companeros. We also demand that
financial support to the Colombian military be withdrawn until the true
facts surrounding the deaths are revealed.
As Women, we are the Mothers of our Nations. We share the responsibility
of being life-givers, nurturers and sustainers of life- as Mother Earth
is a life giver.
The Indigenous Women's Network is committed to nurturing our children
and planting seeds of truth for generations to come. We do not want to
repeat past mistakes. We will continue our work to eliminate the
oppression of colonization, and to end the Indian wars.
The Indigenous Women's Network demand that the parties responsible for
the abduction and execution of Ingrid Washinawatok,Terence Freitas, and
Lahe'ena'e Gay, be brought to justice, they must make themselves known
and not hide behind the corrupt plunders of those that rape our Mother
Earth of her blood and the parties that protect them.
In the Spirit of Mother Earth,
The Indigenous Women's Network
For more information contact Charon Asetoyer at (605) 487-7072 or
Priscilla Settee at (306) 653-4101.